Diets of Northern Barred Owls and Northern Spotted Owls in an area of sympatry

Citation
Te. Hamer et al., Diets of Northern Barred Owls and Northern Spotted Owls in an area of sympatry, J RAPT RES, 35(3), 2001, pp. 221-227
Citations number
44
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Animal Sciences
Journal title
JOURNAL OF RAPTOR RESEARCH
ISSN journal
0892-1016 → ACNP
Volume
35
Issue
3
Year of publication
2001
Pages
221 - 227
Database
ISI
SICI code
0892-1016(200109)35:3<221:DONBOA>2.0.ZU;2-K
Abstract
We compared diets of Northern Barred Owls (Strix varia varia) and Northern Spotted Owls (Strix occidentalis caurina) in western Washington during 1985 -89. Diets of both species were dominated by nocturnal mammals, but diets' of Barred Owls included a more diverse and more even distribution of prey. Estimated dietary overlap between the two species based on the Pianka Index was 76%. Barred Owl diets included more terrestrial mammals, more birds, m ore diurnal prey, and more prey that were associated with riparian areas, i ncluding fish, amphibians, and snails. The snowshoe hare (Lepus americanus) comprised 35% of prey biomass in the diet of Barred Owls. The diet of Spot ted Owls was dominated by the northern flying squirrel (Glaucomys sabrinus) , which comprised 51% of prey numbers and 57% of prep biomass. We speculate that Barred Owls and Spotted Owls compete for food because their diets ove rlap considerably, their food appears to be limiting in many years, and Bar red Owls are gradually invading territories historically occupied by Spotte d Owls.