Generation of high curvature membranes mediated by direct endophilin bilayer interactions

Citation
K. Farsad et al., Generation of high curvature membranes mediated by direct endophilin bilayer interactions, J CELL BIOL, 155(2), 2001, pp. 193-200
Citations number
17
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Cell & Developmental Biology
Journal title
JOURNAL OF CELL BIOLOGY
ISSN journal
0021-9525 → ACNP
Volume
155
Issue
2
Year of publication
2001
Pages
193 - 200
Database
ISI
SICI code
0021-9525(20011015)155:2<193:GOHCMM>2.0.ZU;2-E
Abstract
Endophilin 1 is a presynaptically enriched protein which binds the GTPase d ynamin and the polyphosphoinositide phosphatase synptojanin. Perturbation o f endophilin function in cell-free systems and in a living synapse has impl icated endophilin in endocytic vesicle budding (Ringstad, N., H. Gad, P. Lo w, G. Di Paolo, L. Brodin, O. Shupliakov, and P. De Camilli. 1999. Neuron. 24:143-154; Schmidt, A., M. Wolde, C. Thiele, W. Fest, H. Kratzin, AN. Podt elejnikov, W. Witke, W.B. Huttner, and H.D. Soling. 1999. Nature. 401:133-1 41; Gad, H., N. Ringstad, P. Low, O. Kjaerulff, J. Gustafsson, M. Wenk, G. Di Paolo, Y. Nemoto, J. Crun, M.H. Ellisman, et al. 2000. Neuron. 27:301-31 2). Here, we show that purified endophilin can directly bind and evaginate lipid bilayers into narrow tubules similar in diameter to the neck of a cla thrin-coated bud, providing new insight into the mechanisms through which e ndophilin may participate in membrane deformation and vesicle budding. This property of endophilin is independent of its putative lysophosphatydic aci d acyl transferase activity, is mediated by its NH2-terminal region, and re quires an amino acid stretch homologous to a corresponding region in amphip hysin, a protein previously shown to have similar effects on lipid bilayers (Takei, K., V.I. Slepnev,V. Haucke, and P. De Camilli. 1999. Nat. Cell Bio l. 1:33-39). Endophilin cooligomerizes with dynamin rings on lipid tubules and inhibits dynamin's GTP-dependent vesiculating activity. Endophilin B, a protein with homology to endophilin 1, partially localizes to the Golgi co mplex and also deforms lipid bilayers into tubules, underscoring a potentia l role of endophilin family members in diverse tubulovesicular membrane-tra fficking events in the cell.