Less reversal of liver fibrosis after prolonged carbon tetrachloride injection

Citation
Hs. Lee et al., Less reversal of liver fibrosis after prolonged carbon tetrachloride injection, HEP-GASTRO, 48(41), 2001, pp. 1312-1315
Citations number
16
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Gastroenerology and Hepatology","da verificare
Journal title
HEPATO-GASTROENTEROLOGY
ISSN journal
0172-6390 → ACNP
Volume
48
Issue
41
Year of publication
2001
Pages
1312 - 1315
Database
ISI
SICI code
0172-6390(200109/10)48:41<1312:LROLFA>2.0.ZU;2-P
Abstract
Background/Aims: It was generally believed, but not proved, that early cirr hosis may be reversible, while advanced cirrhosis may not. This present stu dy is to compare in mice the spontaneous regression of liver fibrosis betwe en early and more advanced stage. Methodology: Liver fibrosis in mice was induced by intraperitoneal. injecti on of carbon tetrachloride for 4, 10, and 16 weeks. After the last dose of each schedule, mice were sacrificed 1 day later (progression model) or left untreated for 10, 20, and 60 days (regression model). Tissue sections were stained by Sirius red. Liver hydroxyproline levels were determined to asse ss severity of fibrosis. Gelatinases in tissue extracts were assayed by zym ography. Results: During regression, diminution of fibrotic bands was more prominent in the 4-week group than in the others. Liver hydroxyproline levels in the progression model increased and resolution of liver fibrosis in the regres sion model decreased as carbon tetrachloride injection was prolonged. Liver matrix metalloproteinase-2 and -9 activities in the progression model also decreased as the injection was prolonged. Conclusions: These data demonstrated that reversibility of liver fibrosis w ould be gradually lost as liver injuries were prolonged. Gradual loss of th e expression of matrix metalloproteinases may be responsible for the loss o f reversibility.