Photocatalytic effects of rutile phase TiO2 ultrafine powder with high specific surface area obtained by a homogeneous precipitation process at low temperatures

Citation
Sj. Kim et al., Photocatalytic effects of rutile phase TiO2 ultrafine powder with high specific surface area obtained by a homogeneous precipitation process at low temperatures, J SOL-GEL S, 22(1-2), 2001, pp. 63-74
Citations number
31
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Material Science & Engineering
Journal title
JOURNAL OF SOL-GEL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
ISSN journal
0928-0707 → ACNP
Volume
22
Issue
1-2
Year of publication
2001
Pages
63 - 74
Database
ISI
SICI code
0928-0707(200109)22:1-2<63:PEORPT>2.0.ZU;2-V
Abstract
The photocatalytic characteristics of nanostructured TiO2 ultrafine powder with rutile phase produced using the homogeneous precipitation process at l ow temperatures (HPPLT) were compared with those of commercial P-25 TiO2 po wder by flame hydrolysis. The TiO2 powder by the HPPLT showed much higher p hotoactivity in the removal rate, showing lower pH values in the solution t han the P-25 powder when eliminating metal ions such as Pb and Cu from the aqueous metal-EDTA solutions. This can be inferred as the more rapid photo- oxidation or -reduction of metal ions from the aqueous solution, together w ith relatively higher efficiencies in the use of an electron-hole pair form ed on the surface of the TiO2 particles under UV light irradiation. Also, i n the view of the TiO2 particle morphology, compared to the well-dispersed spherical P-25 particles, the agglomerated TiO2 secondary particles by the HPPLT consist of acicular typed primary particles with a thickness in the r ange of 3-7 nm and the primary particles radialize in all directions, which would be more effective to photocatalytic reactions without the large elec tron-hole recombination on the surface of the TiO2 particle under UV light irradiation. It can be, therefore, thought that the higher photoactivity of the rutile TiO2 powder by the HPPLT in the aqueous solutions results mainl y from having a larger surface area by the acicular shaped primary particle s with very thin thickness and radialization in all directions.