The role of short-term memory in semantic priming

Citation
Al. Beer et Va. Diehl, The role of short-term memory in semantic priming, J GEN PSYCH, 128(3), 2001, pp. 329-350
Citations number
26
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Psycology
Journal title
JOURNAL OF GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY
ISSN journal
0022-1309 → ACNP
Volume
128
Issue
3
Year of publication
2001
Pages
329 - 350
Database
ISI
SICI code
0022-1309(200107)128:3<329:TROSMI>2.0.ZU;2-B
Abstract
Two theories of priming were compared: spreading activation theories, in pa rticular ACT* (J. R. Anderson, 1983), and compound-cue theories (R. Ratclif f & G. McKoon, 1988). Whereas ACT* assumes that priming is a result of diff using activation in long-term memory, compound-cue models suggest that prim ing results from a formation process of prime and target in short-term memo ry. Thirty-eight participants took part in a study that combined a digit sp an task with a double lexical decision task consisting of a prime and a tar get item. Digit span length (low, medium, and high) and prime type (related or unrelated word or nonword) were both within-subject variables. As expec ted, results showed significant priming effects. In favor of ACT*, no inter action between digit span length and prime type was found. Additionally, a nonword inhibition effect (unrelated versus nonword prime) was found, which was predicted by compound-cue theories. This finding is discussed in terms of the process interference and response competition hypotheses.