Single-letter retrieval cues for anagram solution

Citation
Kl. Witte et Js. Freund, Single-letter retrieval cues for anagram solution, J GEN PSYCH, 128(3), 2001, pp. 315-328
Citations number
27
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Psycology
Journal title
JOURNAL OF GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY
ISSN journal
0022-1309 → ACNP
Volume
128
Issue
3
Year of publication
2001
Pages
315 - 328
Database
ISI
SICI code
0022-1309(200107)128:3<315:SRCFAS>2.0.ZU;2-F
Abstract
Anagram solution, as related to single-letter retrieval cues and first lett er of the solution word (consonant or vowel), was examined. In Experiment 1 , college-aged solvers were presented both types of 5-letter words and eith er the first letter of the solution word as a cue, or no cue. In Experiment 2, the effects of four types of retrieval cues (first, middle, or last let ter or no cue) upon solving consonant-beginning words was examined. Finally , Experiment 3 examined the solution of both types of solution words as rel ated to the preceding four types of retrieval cues. The results of all 3 ex periments showed that a single letter can be an effective cue. For consonan t-beginning words, the middle and last letters were as effective as the fir st letter. For vowel-beginning words, the first letter was more effective t han either the middle or last letter. It was concluded that solvers select one letter of the anagram, typically a consonant, to serve as the first let ter of the solution word, and then rearrange the remaining letters.