Binding of Sp1/Sp3 to the proximal promoter of the hMOR gene is enhanced by DAMGO

Authors
Citation
Yh. Xu et Lg. Carr, Binding of Sp1/Sp3 to the proximal promoter of the hMOR gene is enhanced by DAMGO, GENE, 274(1-2), 2001, pp. 119-128
Citations number
34
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Molecular Biology & Genetics
Journal title
GENE
ISSN journal
0378-1119 → ACNP
Volume
274
Issue
1-2
Year of publication
2001
Pages
119 - 128
Database
ISI
SICI code
0378-1119(20010822)274:1-2<119:BOSTTP>2.0.ZU;2-8
Abstract
The major binding site for morphine is the mu opioid receptor (MOR), which mediates morphine's analgesic and euphoric effects. The MOR gene is highly regulated at the level of transcription. The present study examined DNA-pro tein interactions in the human MOR (hMOR) -500 to -292 promoter region, and tested whether chronic opioid drug treatment could modulate these DNA-prot ein interactions. 5'-deletion and transient transfection assays in SK-N-SH cells revealed four regions that activated hMOR gene transcription. A 60 bp sequence (-351 to -292) upstream of the proximal transcription initiation site (-252) contained cis-elements required for basal promoter activity. Sp 1 and Sp3 bound to this 60 bp region, which was confirmed by electromobilit y shift assays using a Spl consensus oligo as competitor and specific antib odies against Spl and Sp3. Methylation interference analysis localized the Sp1 binding site to the sequence CCCTCCTCCC (-310 to -301) and also suggest ed that additional transcription factors, other than Spl-related proteins, contacted the -321 to -301 sequence. Moreover, the binding of Sp1/Sp3 to th e hMOR promoter was significantly enhanced by chronic exposure to [D-Ala(2) , N-Me-Phe(4), Gly(5)-ol] enkephalin (DAMGO), a selective MOR agonist, and this effect was attenuated specifically by pretreatment with a MOR antagoni st, naloxone. Taken together, the present studies demonstrated, for the fir st time, that the binding of Sp1/Sp3 to the hMOR proximal promoter could be modulated by chronic DAMGO treatment. Such enhanced binding of Sp1/Sp3 to the promoter may lead to a functional change in hMOR gene transcription. (C ) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.