Complications of hepatectomy for hilar cholangiocarcinoma

Citation
M. Nagino et al., Complications of hepatectomy for hilar cholangiocarcinoma, WORLD J SUR, 25(10), 2001, pp. 1277-1283
Citations number
36
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Surgery
Journal title
WORLD JOURNAL OF SURGERY
ISSN journal
0364-2313 → ACNP
Volume
25
Issue
10
Year of publication
2001
Pages
1277 - 1283
Database
ISI
SICI code
0364-2313(200110)25:10<1277:COHFHC>2.0.ZU;2-U
Abstract
We retrospectively reviewed postoperative complications in 105 patients wit h hilar cholangiocarcinoma who underwent hepatectomy at Nagoya University H ospital from January 1990 through March 1999. Of the 105 subjects, 97 (92.4 %) underwent resection of two or more Healey's segments of the liver. Combi ned portal vein resection was performed in 33 (31.4%) patients and pancreat oduodenectomy in 10 (9.5%). Twenty (19.0%) patients had no postoperative co mplications, another 39 (37.1%) patients had minor complication(s) only, an d the remaining 46 (43.8%) developed major complication (s). The morbidity rate reached as high as 81.0%. Major complications required relaparotomy in 11 (10.5%) patients. Of the 46 patients with major complication(s) 36 reco vered; the remaining 10 patients died of liver failure with other organ fai lure(s) or of intraabdominal bleeding 12, 14, 18, 21, 57, 75, 75, 87, 93, o r 134 days after surgery. Thus the 30-day mortality was 3.8% and the overal l mortality 9.5%. Pleural effusion was the most frequent complication found in 66 (62.9%) patients, followed by wound sepsis in 39 (37.1%), and then l iver failure in 29 (27.6%). Liver failure developed in 16.7% of 48 patients with less than 50% liver resection and in 36.8% of 57 patients with 50% or more resection (P < 0.05). Other organ failures, including renal, respirat ory, gastrointestinal, and hematologic failures, developed as a sign of mul tiple organ failure following liver failure in most patients or preceding l iver failure in a few patients. None of the six patients with four or more organ failures survived. Hepatectomy for hilar cholangiocarcinoma is risky owing to impaired hepatic functional reserve in jaundiced patients and the technical difficulty associated with hepatobiliary resection. Our goal is t o reduce mortality to less than 5% while keeping a high resectability rate (above 80%).