A complex role for the gamma-butyrolactone SCB1 in regulating antibiotic production in Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2)

Citation
E. Takano et al., A complex role for the gamma-butyrolactone SCB1 in regulating antibiotic production in Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2), MOL MICROB, 41(5), 2001, pp. 1015-1028
Citations number
54
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Microbiology
Journal title
MOLECULAR MICROBIOLOGY
ISSN journal
0950-382X → ACNP
Volume
41
Issue
5
Year of publication
2001
Pages
1015 - 1028
Database
ISI
SICI code
0950-382X(200109)41:5<1015:ACRFTG>2.0.ZU;2-0
Abstract
Many streptomycetes produce extracellular gamma -butyrolactones. In several cases, these have been shown to act as signals for the onset of antibiotic production. Synthesis of these molecules appears to require a member of th e AfsA family of proteins (AfsA is required for A-factor synthesis of they- butyrolactone A-factor and consequently for streptomycin production in Stre ptomyces griseus). An afsA homologue, scbA, was identified in Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2) and was found to lie adjacent to a divergently transcribed gene, scbR, which encodes a gamma -butyrolactone binding protein. Gel reta rdation assays and DNase I footprinting studies revealed DNA binding sites for ScbR at - 4 to - 33 nt with respect to the scbA transcriptional start s ite, and at - 42 to - 68 nt with respect to the scbR transcriptional start site. Addition of the gamma -butyrolactone SCB1 of S. coelicolor resulted i n loss of the DNA-binding ability of ScbR. A scbA mutant produced no gamma -butyrolactones, yet overproduced two antibiotics, actinorhodin (Act) and u ndecylprodigiosin (Red), whereas a deletion mutant of scbR also failed to m ake gamma -butyrolactones and showed delayed Red production. These phenotyp es differ markedly from those expected by analogy with the S. griseus A-fac tor system. Furthermore, transcription of scbR increased, and that of scbA was abolished, in an scbR mutant, indicating that ScbR represses its own ex pression while activating that of scbA. In the scbA mutant, expression of b oth genes was greatly reduced. Addition of SCB1 to the scbA mutant induced transcription of scbR, but did not restore scbA expression, indicating that the deficiency in scbA transcription in the scbA mutant is not solely due to the inability to produce SCB1, and that ScbA is a positive autoregulator in addition to being required for gamma -butyrolactone production. Overall , these results indicate a complex mechanism for gamma -butyrolactone-media ted regulation of antibiotic biosynthesis in S. coelicolor.