Seizures in Japanese encephalitis

Citation
Uk. Misra et J. Kalita, Seizures in Japanese encephalitis, J NEUR SCI, 190(1-2), 2001, pp. 57-60
Citations number
13
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Neurosciences & Behavoir
Journal title
JOURNAL OF THE NEUROLOGICAL SCIENCES
ISSN journal
0022-510X → ACNP
Volume
190
Issue
1-2
Year of publication
2001
Pages
57 - 60
Database
ISI
SICI code
0022-510X(20010915)190:1-2<57:SIJE>2.0.ZU;2-U
Abstract
Objective: Although Japanese encephalitis (JE) has been reported to be asso ciated with seizures, there is no report on its frequency, pattern and seve rity and their correlation with electroencephalography (EEG) and radiologic al findings. In this communication, the analysis of seizures in 65 JE patie nts seen during 1991-1999 is presented. Methods: The diagnosis of JE was ba sed on clinical, radiological and serological criteria. The patients were s ubjected to a detailed clinical evaluation. Frequency and pattern of seizur es and other neurological findings were recorded. Cranial CT scan or MRI wa s carried out in all the patients. Electroencephalograph was recorded using the 10-20 system of electrode placement. Patients' outcome was defined, on the basis of clinical status for 3 months, into poor, partial and complete recovery. The relationship between seizures and other clinical, radiologic al and EEG parameters was evaluated by the Z test of proportion using the t wo-tail approach. Results: The patient's age ranged between 2 and 57 years, 24 were females and 19 were below 13 years of age. Thirty patients had sei zures within the first week of encephalitis. The seizures were generalised tonic-clonic in 17 patients and partial motor with secondary generalization in 13 patients. Eleven patients had a single seizure, 8 had two seizures a nd I I had multiple seizures. Two patients were presented with status epile pticus. Interictal EEG in the patients with seizures revealed theta to delt a slowing in all patients and epileptiform discharges in four patients only . MRI revealed thalamic lesions bilaterally in 24, cortical in 7, basal gan glia in 8 and brainstem in 3 patients out of 26 patients with seizure. In t he seizure group, three patients died, nine had poor, eight had partial and nine had complete recovery. Upon comparison of the JE patients with and wi thout seizures, Glasgow coma scale (GCS) score, focal weakness, EEG slowing and cortical and thalamic lesion on CT or MM were significantly related to the occurrence,of the seizures; however, it was not associated with poor o utcome. Conclusions: JE is associated with seizures in 46% of the patients in the acute stage of encephalitis which is easily controlled by monotherap y. Patients with severe encephalitis were associated with higher frequency of seizures. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.