Cues for early discrimination of conspecific song in the white-crowned sparrow (Zonotrichia leucophrys)

Citation
Ja. Soha et P. Marler, Cues for early discrimination of conspecific song in the white-crowned sparrow (Zonotrichia leucophrys), ETHOLOGY, 107(9), 2001, pp. 813-826
Citations number
21
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Animal Sciences","Neurosciences & Behavoir
Journal title
ETHOLOGY
ISSN journal
0179-1613 → ACNP
Volume
107
Issue
9
Year of publication
2001
Pages
813 - 826
Database
ISI
SICI code
0179-1613(200109)107:9<813:CFEDOC>2.0.ZU;2-C
Abstract
In song learning, white-crowned sparrows (Zonotrichia leucophrys) begin mem orizing conspecific song models at around 20 d of age. Even prior to song m emorization, however, between 10 and 20 d of age, these birds respond diffe rently to playbacks of conspecific and heterospecific songs. To investigate the acoustic cues underlying this early song discrimination, we measured t he vocal responses of newly fledged young to playbacks of modified conspeci fic and heterospecific songs. Fledgling white-crowned sparrows responded mo re strongly to songs containing conspecific notes than to songs containing notes from other species. In contrast, the presence or placement of an intr oductory whistle, present in all white-crowned sparrow songs, did not affec t response levels. A whistle has previously been shown to serve as an acous tic cue for song memorization and production in this species. Such differen t responses to the species-typical introductory whistle at different stages suggests that developmental changes occur in the template system underlyin g song learning, the factors governing song recognition, or both.