Acute hypoglycemia in humans causes attentional dysfunction while nonverbal intelligence is preserved

Citation
V. Mcaulay et al., Acute hypoglycemia in humans causes attentional dysfunction while nonverbal intelligence is preserved, DIABET CARE, 24(10), 2001, pp. 1745-1750
Citations number
32
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Endocrynology, Metabolism & Nutrition","Endocrinology, Nutrition & Metabolism
Journal title
DIABETES CARE
ISSN journal
0149-5992 → ACNP
Volume
24
Issue
10
Year of publication
2001
Pages
1745 - 1750
Database
ISI
SICI code
0149-5992(200110)24:10<1745:AHIHCA>2.0.ZU;2-J
Abstract
OBJECTIVE - Experimentally induced hypoglycemia in humans causes progressiv e but reversible cognitive dysfunction, but it is not known to what extent neuropsychological tests index abilities of cognitive functioning that are important in everyday life. This study examines the effects of acute insuli n-induced hypoglycemia on attention and intelligence in nondiabetic humans. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - A hyperinsulinemic glucose clamp was used to achieve controlled euglycemia (4.50 [0.22] mmol/l) and hypoglycemia (blood glucose 2.59 [0.19] mmol/1) in 20 healthy volunteers. Subjects were Studied on two occasions in a counterbalanced order. During each study condition, subjects completed parallel tests of cognitive function. Cognitive function was assessed by the Test of Everyday Attention and Raven's Progressive Mat rices. RESULTS - Hypoglycemia induced a significant deterioration in tests Sensiti ve to both visual and auditory selective attention. During hypoglycemia, at tentional. flexibility deteriorated and speed of information processing was delayed. Sustained attention was preserved and intelligence scores did not deteriorate during hypoglycemia. CONCLUSIONS - During hypoglycemia, a significant deterioration occurs in at tentional abilities, whereas fluid intelligence is preserved. On the basis of these results, it can be surmised that many complex attention tasks rele vant to everyday life are impaired during moderate hypoglycemia.