An investigation into claims that toluene diamine (TDA) is present in polyurethane flexible foams

Citation
K. Hillier et al., An investigation into claims that toluene diamine (TDA) is present in polyurethane flexible foams, CELL POLYM, 20(4), 2001, pp. 279-293
Citations number
5
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Material Science & Engineering
Journal title
CELLULAR POLYMERS
ISSN journal
0262-4893 → ACNP
Volume
20
Issue
4
Year of publication
2001
Pages
279 - 293
Database
ISI
SICI code
0262-4893(2001)20:4<279:AIICTT>2.0.ZU;2-C
Abstract
Claims have been made in Scandinavia that polyurethane flexible foams can b e a health hazard because they contain, or on ageing can form, traces of th e carcinogenic substance 2,4-toluene diamine (TDA). A working group was set up to investigate these claims and some of their findings are reported her e. Analytical protocols have been refined for the determination of TDA extr actable into aqueous based media. Extensive testing has been carried out on many different kinds of polyurethane foam without any evidence being found for the presence of free TDA. These negative results apply to both fresh c ured foam and foam treated to simulate heat ageing, autoclaving and use in humid conditions. The reason for the erroneous reporting of TDA in foams un doubtedly ties in the use of the wrong pretreatment of the extract or the u se of inappropriate sample injection techniques. This could range from not filtering the extract, increasing the pH of the extract prior to either gc/ ms or lc/ ms detection, or using hot on-column injection gc techniques. The false reporting of TDA is demonstrated here.