The differential effect of injecting estradiol-17 beta, testosterone, and hydrocortisone during the immune adaptive period on the fertility of femalemice

Citation
Jc. Chapman et al., The differential effect of injecting estradiol-17 beta, testosterone, and hydrocortisone during the immune adaptive period on the fertility of femalemice, AM J REPROD, 46(4), 2001, pp. 288-297
Citations number
61
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Immunology
Journal title
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF REPRODUCTIVE IMMUNOLOGY
ISSN journal
1046-7408 → ACNP
Volume
46
Issue
4
Year of publication
2001
Pages
288 - 297
Database
ISI
SICI code
1046-7408(200110)46:4<288:TDEOIE>2.0.ZU;2-Y
Abstract
PROBLEM: Female mice injected with estradiol-17 beta (E-2) and testosterone during the immune adaptive period are infertile as adults. Study I examine d the effect of the day of injection of E-2 and testosterone on the inciden ce of infertility in two strains of mice. Study 2 examined the effect of hy drocortisone on E-2-induced infertility. METHOD OF STUDY: Study 1: Neonatal (C57BL/6J x A/J)F-1 B6A and (C3H/ HeJ x 129J)F-1 C31 female mice were injected from 0 to 3 and from 3 to 6 days of age with either 20 mug E-2 or 20 mug testosterone. Animals were tested for fertility by mating with fertile males. Study 2: Neonatal B6A females were injected with 20 mug E-2 with/without 1000 mug hydrocortisone on days 1, 3, 5, 7, and 10. At adulthood, ovaries were examined for the presence of corp ora lutea (CLs). RESULTS: Study 1: The incidence of E-2-induced infertility in adult B6A and C31 females decreased over three consecutive matings. In contrast, the inc idence of testosterone-induced infertility in adult B6A and C31 females inc reased. E-2 caused the highest incidence of infertility in C31 females when injected prior to 3 days of age. In B6A mice, E-2 caused the highest incid ence of infertility when injected after 3 days of age. Study 2: When hydroc ortisone was injected with E-2, 90% of the B6A females had ovaries with CLs at 100 days of age. Without hydrocortisone, only 16% of the B6A females in jected with E-2 had ovaries with CLs. CONCLUSION: Study 1: The incidence of infertility caused by injections of E -2 is dependent on the strain of mice and the day(s) injected. The incidenc e of infertility caused by injections of testosterone is independent of the strain of mice. Study 2: Hydrocortisone prevents E-2-induced infertility. It is proposed that injections of E-2 during the immune adaptive period alt er T-cell maturation, which contributes to E-2-induced infertility.