Ocean-atmosphere-land feedbacks in an idealized monsoon

Citation
C. Chou et al., Ocean-atmosphere-land feedbacks in an idealized monsoon, Q J R METEO, 127(576), 2001, pp. 1869-1891
Citations number
52
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Earth Sciences
Journal title
QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY
ISSN journal
0035-9009 → ACNP
Volume
127
Issue
576
Year of publication
2001
Part
B
Pages
1869 - 1891
Database
ISI
SICI code
0035-9009(200107)127:576<1869:OFIAIM>2.0.ZU;2-9
Abstract
An intermediate-complexity atmospheric model coupled with a simple land-sur face model and a mixed-layer ocean model is used to investigate the process es involved in an idealized monsoon occurring on a single rectangular conti nent. Idealized divergences of ocean heat transports are specified as an an nual average 'Q-flux'. In this simple coupled configuration, the mechanisms that affect land-ocean contrast and, in turn, the seasonal movement of the continental convergence zones are examined. These include soil-moisture fe edbacks; cooling of tropical oceans by ocean transport; ventilation, define d as the import into continental regions of low moist static-energy air fro m ocean regions where heat storage opposes summer warming; and the 'interac tive Rodwell-Hoskins mechanism', in which Rossby-wave-induced subsidence to the west of monsoon heating interacts with the convection zone. The fixed ocean transports have a substantial impact on the continental convection. I f Q-flux is set to zero, subtropical subsidence and ventilation tend to sub stantially limit the poleward movement of summer monsoon rainfall. When lan d hydrology feedbacks are active. the drying of subtropical continents disf avours continental convection even in the tropics. When ocean transports ar e included, tropical oceans are slightly disfavoured as regions for produci ng convection which, by contrast, favours continental convection. The monso on circulation then produces moisture transport from the ocean regions that allows substantial progression of convection into the subtropics over the eastern portion of the continent. The western portion of the continent tend s to have a dry region of characteristic shape. This east-west asymmetry is partly due to the interactive Rodwell-Hoskins mechanism. The ventilation i s of at least equal importance in producing cast-west asymmetry and is the single most important process in limiting the poleward extent of the contin ental convection zone.