Direct ligand-receptor complex interaction controls Brassica self-incompatibility

Citation
S. Takayama et al., Direct ligand-receptor complex interaction controls Brassica self-incompatibility, NATURE, 413(6855), 2001, pp. 534-538
Citations number
30
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Multidisciplinary,Multidisciplinary,Multidisciplinary
Journal title
NATURE
ISSN journal
0028-0836 → ACNP
Volume
413
Issue
6855
Year of publication
2001
Pages
534 - 538
Database
ISI
SICI code
0028-0836(20011004)413:6855<534:DLCICB>2.0.ZU;2-J
Abstract
Many higher plants have evolved self-incompatibility mechanisms to prevent self-fertilization(1). In Brassica self-incompatibility, recognition betwee n pollen and the stigma is controlled by the S locus, which contains three highly polymorphic genes: S-receptor kinase (SRK)(2), S-locus protein 11 (S P11)(3) (also called S-locus cysteine-rich protein; SCR)(4) and S-locus gly coprotein (SLG)(5). SRK encodes a membrane-spanning serine/threonine kinase that determines the S-haplotype specificity of the stigma(6), and SP11 enc odes a small cysteine-rich protein that determines the S-haplotype specific ity of pollen(4,7,8). SP11 is localized in the pollen coat(8). It is though t that, during self-pollination, SP11 is secreted from the pollen coat and interacts with its cognate SRK in the papilla cell of the stigma to elicit the self-incompatibility response. SLG is a secreted stigma protein(9) that is highly homologous to the SRK extracellular domain. Although it is not r equired for S-haplotype specificity of the stigma, SLG enhances the self-in compatibility response(6); however, how this is accomplished remains contro versial(10-12). Here we show that a single form of SP11 of the S-8 haplotyp e (S-8-SP11) stabilized with four intramolecular disulphide bonds specifica lly binds the stigma membrane of the S-8 haplotype to induce autophosphoryl ation of SRK8, and that SRK8 and SLG(8) together form a high-affinity recep tor complex for S-8-SP11 on the stigma membrane.