Variability of the polar night jet in the Northern and Southern Hemispheres

Citation
Y. Kuroda et K. Kodera, Variability of the polar night jet in the Northern and Southern Hemispheres, J GEO RES-A, 106(D18), 2001, pp. 20703-20713
Citations number
33
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Earth Sciences
Volume
106
Issue
D18
Year of publication
2001
Pages
20703 - 20713
Database
ISI
SICI code
Abstract
The spatial and temporal characteristics of the month-to-month variability of the polar night jet and its relationship with tropospheric circulation i s investigated for both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. The variabil ities of the hemispheres have many common characteristics of the Polar Nigh t Jet Oscillation (PJO). These common characteristics include the following : (1) the anomalous zonal-mean zonal winds shift poleward and downward; (2) the anomalous polar temperatures propagate downward from the stratopause t o the upper troposphere; and (3) they are made through a wave-mean flow int eraction with mainly the planetary wave of zonal wave number one. Annular m odes associated with the PJOs appear in both hemispheres when the zones of maximum polar temperature anomaly descend to the lowermost stratosphere and upper troposphere. The major difference in the PJOs of the two hemispheres is found in their temporal characteristics. In the Southern Hemisphere, th e phase of the PJO is closely locked to the annual cycle, while in the Nort hern Hemisphere it exhibits quasiperiodic variability with its envelope con trolled by the annual cycle. The origin of the differences between the PJOs is discussed based on the theory of the wave-mean flow interaction.