Effects of small doses of prostaglandin E-1 on systemic hemodynamics and jugular venous oxygen saturation during cardiopulmonary bypass

Citation
Y. Kadoi et al., Effects of small doses of prostaglandin E-1 on systemic hemodynamics and jugular venous oxygen saturation during cardiopulmonary bypass, J CLIN ANES, 13(6), 2001, pp. 417-421
Citations number
10
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Aneshtesia & Intensive Care
Journal title
JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ANESTHESIA
ISSN journal
0952-8180 → ACNP
Volume
13
Issue
6
Year of publication
2001
Pages
417 - 421
Database
ISI
SICI code
0952-8180(200109)13:6<417:EOSDOP>2.0.ZU;2-1
Abstract
Study Objective: To examine the effects of small doses of prostaglandin E-1 (PGE(1)) on systemic hemodynamics and cerebral oxygenation during cardiopu lmonary bypass(CPB). Design: Randomized, prospective study. Setting: Cardiac surgery at Saitama Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Center. Patients: Forty patients who underwent elective coronary artery bypass surg ery. Interventions : The study was performed at the stable CPB period. Patients were randomly divided into four groups: control group (n = 10) received an infusion of saline, PGE(1) 10 group (n = 10) received an infusion of PGE(1) 10 ng/kg/min, PGE(1) 25 group (n = 10) received an infusion of PGEI 25 ng/ kg/min, and the PGE(1) 50 group (n = 10) received an infusion of PGEI 50 ng /kg/min. Measurements: After measuring the baseline partial Pressure of the arterial oxygen saturation (SpO(2)), mixed venous oxygen saturation (SvO(2)), and j ugular venous oxygen saturation (SjvO(2)), blood gases, and cardiovascular hemodynamic values, PGEI was infused intravenously at rate of between 10 an d 50 ng/kg/min. PGE(1) infusion continued 30 minutes after the start of dru g infusion, and the blood gas analysis and cardiovascular hemodynamic value s were simultaneously determined together with the hemodynamic values at 2, 5, 10, 20, and 30 minutes during drug infusion. At 30 minutes after discon tinuation of the drug infusion, the blood gas analyses were simultaneously determined together with the hemodynamic values. Main Results: Mean arterial pressure (MAP) in PGEI 25 and 50 groups was decrease d 20 and 30 minutes after the start of PGEI infusion compared with the base line value (p < 0.05). In contrast, SvO(2) in PGEI 25 and 50 groups was inc reased 20 and 30 minutes after the start of PGE, infusion compared with the baseline value (p < 0.05). There was no change in SjO(2) value despite a d ecrease in MAP during the study. Conclusions: Cerebral oxygenation estimated by SjvO(2) was maintained despi te a decrease in MAP during the administration rate of PGE(1) between 10 an d 50 ng/kg/min. (C) 2001 by Elsevier Science Inc.