Ultrasonography as a diagnostic modality in Osgood-Schlatter disease - A clinical study and review of the literature

Citation
A. Blankstein et al., Ultrasonography as a diagnostic modality in Osgood-Schlatter disease - A clinical study and review of the literature, ARCH ORTHOP, 121(9), 2001, pp. 536-539
Citations number
14
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Ortopedics, Rehabilitation & Sport Medicine
Journal title
ARCHIVES OF ORTHOPAEDIC AND TRAUMA SURGERY
ISSN journal
0936-8051 → ACNP
Volume
121
Issue
9
Year of publication
2001
Pages
536 - 539
Database
ISI
SICI code
0936-8051(200110)121:9<536:UAADMI>2.0.ZU;2-H
Abstract
Sonographic examination of the knee has been proposed by several authors in the past as a simple and reliable method to diagnose Osgood-Schlatter dise ase (OSD). Ultrasound was used to compare the knees of 25 boys and 10 girls with typical OSD with 35 symptom-free knees of an aged-matched group of ch ildren. Based on recorded data, patients were categorized (one affected kne e in each individual) according to the classification system proposed by De Flaviis et al. in 1989. The results included the following pathological fi ndings: pretibial swelling, fragmentation of the ossification center, inser tional thickening of the patellar tendon, and excessive fluid collection in the infrapatellar bursa. Of our patients, 26% fell into the type 1 categor y, 43% were type 2, 20% type 3, and 11% type 4. This distribution of cases was found to be statistically similar to the initial findings reported by D e Flaviis and colleagues. This study therefore supports the validity and re producibility of their classification method for the ultrasonographic evalu ation of children with OSD. This is only the first step, and further assess ment of this classification is still required to elucidate its clinical as well as its prognostic value.