The role of individual differences in Internet searching: An empirical study

Citation
N. Ford et al., The role of individual differences in Internet searching: An empirical study, J AM SOC IN, 52(12), 2001, pp. 1049-1066
Citations number
83
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Editorial Material
Categorie Soggetti
Library & Information Science
Journal title
JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR INFORMATION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
ISSN journal
1532-2882 → ACNP
Volume
52
Issue
12
Year of publication
2001
Pages
1049 - 1066
Database
ISI
SICI code
1532-2882(200110)52:12<1049:TROIDI>2.0.ZU;2-M
Abstract
This article reports the results of a study of the role of individual diffe rences in Internet searching. The dimensions of individual differences form ing the focus of the research consisted of: cognitive styles; levels of pri or experience; Internet perceptions; study approaches; age; and gender. Six ty-nine Masters students searched for information on a prescribed topic usi ng the AltaVista search engine. Results were assessed using simple binary r elevance judgements. Factor analysis and multiple regression revealed inter esting differences, retrieval effectiveness being linked to: male gender, l ow cognitive complexity; an imager (as opposed to verbalizer) cognitive sty le; and a number of Internet perceptions and study approaches grouped here as indicating low self-efficacy. The implications of these findings for sys tem development and for future research are discussed.