Trapezial space height after trapeziectomy: Mechanism of formation and benefits

Citation
Nd. Downing et Trc. Davis, Trapezial space height after trapeziectomy: Mechanism of formation and benefits, J HAND S-AM, 26A(5), 2001, pp. 862-868
Citations number
23
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Ortopedics, Rehabilitation & Sport Medicine
Journal title
JOURNAL OF HAND SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME
ISSN journal
0363-5023 → ACNP
Volume
26A
Issue
5
Year of publication
2001
Pages
862 - 868
Database
ISI
SICI code
0363-5023(200109)26A:5<862:TSHATM>2.0.ZU;2-Q
Abstract
Seventy-three thumbs in 67 women with osteoarthritis of the trapeziometacar pal joint were assessed prospectively. The patients were randomly allocated for treatment by either trapeziectomy alone (n = 26) or trapeziectomy with tendon interposition (n = 23) or ligament reconstruction (n = 24). A K-wir e was passed through the thumb metacarpal base and across the trapezial spa ce into the distal pole of the scaphoid in all procedures; this held the ba se of the metacarpal away from the scaphoid for 4 weeks. Standard thumb rad iographs were used to calculate the trapezial space ratio before surgery an d at 1-year follow-up examination. The trapezial space ratio decreased sign ificantly from a preoperative mean of 0.40 (range, 0.20-0.56) to a mean of 0.18 (range, 0.08-0.30) after trapeziectomy, 0.16 (range, 0.07-0.30) after trapeziectomy with tendon interposition, and 0.20 (range, 0.00-0.33) after trapeziectomy with ligament reconstruction. There was no significant differ ence between these 1-year follow-up trapezial space ratios, suggesting that the placement of a K-wire across the trapezial void is as effective as ten don interposition or ligament reconstruction in creating a trapezial space in the short term at least. However, the need to create a trapezial space a nd maintain thumb length is questioned because the trapezial space height d id not correlate with thumb strength at 1-year follow-up examination. Copyr ight (C) 2001 by the American Society for Surgery of the Hand.