Recognition of viral hemagglutinins by NKp44 but not by NKp30

Citation
Ti. Arnon et al., Recognition of viral hemagglutinins by NKp44 but not by NKp30, EUR J IMMUN, 31(9), 2001, pp. 2680-2689
Citations number
26
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Immunology
Journal title
EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGY
ISSN journal
0014-2980 → ACNP
Volume
31
Issue
9
Year of publication
2001
Pages
2680 - 2689
Database
ISI
SICI code
0014-2980(200109)31:9<2680:ROVHBN>2.0.ZU;2-6
Abstract
Natural killer (NK) cells destroy virus-infected and tumor cells without pr ior antigen, stimulation. The NK cell cytotoxicity is regulated in large pa rt by the expression of NK cell receptors that are able to bind major histo compatibility complex (MHC) class I glycoproteins. NK cells also express ly sis triggering receptors specific for non-MHC ligands, including NKp30, NKp 44, NKp46 and CD16. However, the nature of their ligands, recognized on tar get cells, is undefined. We have recently shown that the NKp46 protein, but not the CD16 protein, recognizes the hemagglutinin (HA) of influenza virus (IV) and the hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) of Sendai virus (SV), and th at the recognition of HA from IV requires the sialylation of NKp46 oligosac charides. We have also demonstrated that binding of NKp46 to HA of IV is re quired for lysis of cells expressing the corresponding glycoproteins by a s ubstantial subset of NK clones. Here we show that NKp44, but not NKp30, can also recognize the HA of both IV and SV and that the recognition of IV HA requires the sialylation of the NKp44 receptor in a similar way to that of NKp46. SV infection of 721.221 cells expressing MHC class I proteins result ed in the abrogation of the inhibition by NK clones expressing high levels of NKp44. In addition, the binding of NKp44 to HA improves the ability of s ome NK clones to lyse IV infected cells.