HER-2/neu (p185neu) protein expression in the natural or treated history of prostate cancer

Citation
I. Osman et al., HER-2/neu (p185neu) protein expression in the natural or treated history of prostate cancer, CLIN CANC R, 7(9), 2001, pp. 2643-2647
Citations number
40
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Oncology
Journal title
CLINICAL CANCER RESEARCH
ISSN journal
1078-0432 → ACNP
Volume
7
Issue
9
Year of publication
2001
Pages
2643 - 2647
Database
ISI
SICI code
1078-0432(200109)7:9<2643:H(PEIT>2.0.ZU;2-H
Abstract
Purpose: Amplification of HER-2/neu gene and overexpression of its encoded product, the p185neu (HER-2/neu) tyrosine kinase membrane receptor, have be en associated with tumor progression in certain neoplasms. We conducted thi s study to investigate patterns of HER-2/neu protein expression in prostate cancer, analyzing different points in the natural and treated history of t he disease. Experimental Design: Radical prostatectomy cases (83) and 20 metastatic les ions were studied for the association between HER-2/neu protein overexpress ion detected by immunohistochemistry and clinicopathological parameters, in cluding time to prostate-specific antigen (PSA) relapse. Results: HER-2/neu protein overexpression, defined as complete membrane sta ining in > 10% of tumor cells using the Food and Drug Administration-approv ed Dako kit, was found in 9 of 45 (20%) of evaluable hormone naive primary tumors and 23 of 34 (67%) primary tumors after androgen-deprivation therapy (P = 0.0001). Of the 20 metastatic lesions, positivity was noted in 16 (80 %) of the cases. On univariate analysis, HER-2/neu overexpression was assoc iated with pretreatment PSA (P = 0.011) and time to PSA relapse (P = 0.02). After controlling for pretreatment PSA, the association between hormone tr eatment and HER-2/neu was still observed. No association was found between HER-2/neu overexpression and Gleason score, capsular invasion, and tumor pr oliferative index determined by Ki67. Conclusions: These data suggest that there is significant HER-2/neu overexp ression in primary tumors that persist after androgen deprivation. It also emphasizes the importance of characterizing tumors at determined points in the natural or treated history of prostate cancer when targeting treatment to specific biological processes.