Expansion of human hepatocyte populations by a retroviral gene transfer ofsimian virus 40 large T antigen

Citation
N. Kobayashi et al., Expansion of human hepatocyte populations by a retroviral gene transfer ofsimian virus 40 large T antigen, ASAIO J, 47(5), 2001, pp. 481-485
Citations number
24
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Research/Laboratory Medicine & Medical Tecnology
Journal title
ASAIO JOURNAL
ISSN journal
1058-2916 → ACNP
Volume
47
Issue
5
Year of publication
2001
Pages
481 - 485
Database
ISI
SICI code
1058-2916(200109/10)47:5<481:EOHHPB>2.0.ZU;2-8
Abstract
A hybrid artificial liver (HAL) could be used to treat acute liver failure or to serve as a temporary support until orthotopic liver transplantation i s available. Primary human hepatocytes are ideal as a source of hepatic fun ction in a HAL device. However, the worldwide shortage of human livers avai lable for hepatocyte isolation severely limits this form of therapy. A poss ible alternative is to use a tightly regulated cell line that can be econom ically grown in culture to have differentiated liver function. In this work , human hepatocytes were immortalized with a retroviral vector SSR#69 expre ssing the genes of simian virus 40 large T antigen and herpes simplex virus -thymidine kinase. One of the resulting clones, NKNT-3, showed the gene exp ression of differentiated liver function and were sensitive to the antivira l agent ganciclovir. When transplanted into the spleen of rats subjected to 90% hepatectomy, NKNT-3 cells prolonged the survival of 90% hepatectomized rats. The cells provide the advantages of unlimited availability, sterilit y, uniformity, and freedom from pathogens. This work represents a potential novel strategy for resolving the organ shortage that currently limits the use of primary human hepatocytes to develop a HAL.