Impact of smoking status on workplace absenteeism and productivity

Citation
Mt. Halpern et al., Impact of smoking status on workplace absenteeism and productivity, TOB CONTROL, 10(3), 2001, pp. 233-238
Citations number
16
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Public Health & Health Care Science","Envirnomentale Medicine & Public Health
Journal title
TOBACCO CONTROL
ISSN journal
0964-4563 → ACNP
Volume
10
Issue
3
Year of publication
2001
Pages
233 - 238
Database
ISI
SICI code
0964-4563(200109)10:3<233:IOSSOW>2.0.ZU;2-F
Abstract
Objectives-To: evaluate the impact of smoking status on objective productiv ity and absenteeism measures; evaluate the impact of smoking status on subj ective measures of productivity; and assess the correlation between subject ive and objective productivity measures. Design-Prospective cohort study in a workplace environment. Subjects-Approximately 300 employees (100 each of former, current, and neve r smokers) at a reservation office of a large US airline. Main outcome measures-Objective productivity and absenteeism data were supp lied by the employer. Subjective assessments of productivity were collected using a self report instrument, the Health and Work Questionnaire (HWQ). Results-Current smokers had significantly greater absenteeism than did neve r smokers, with former smokers having intermediate values; among former smo kers, absenteeism showed a significant decline with years following cessati on. Former smokers showed an increase in seven of 10 objective productivity measures as compared to current smokers, with a mean increase of 4.5%. Whi le objective productivity measures for former smokers decreased compared to measures for current smokers during the first year following cessation, va lues for former smokers were greater than those for current smokers by 1-4 years following cessation. Subjective assessments of "productivity evaluati on by others" and "personal life satisfaction" showed significant trends wi th highest values for never smokers, lowest for current smokers, and interm ediate for former smokers. Conclusions-Workplace productivity is increased and absenteeism is decrease d among former smokers as compared to current smokers. Productivity among f ormer smokers increases over time toward values seen among never smokers. S ubjective measures of productivity provide indications of novel ways of pro ductivity assessment that are sensitive to smoking status.