White juror bias - An investigation of prejudice against black defendants in the American courtroom

Citation
Sr. Sommers et Pc. Ellsworth, White juror bias - An investigation of prejudice against black defendants in the American courtroom, PSYCH PUB L, 7(1), 2001, pp. 201-229
Citations number
65
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Psycology
Journal title
PSYCHOLOGY PUBLIC POLICY AND LAW
ISSN journal
1076-8971 → ACNP
Volume
7
Issue
1
Year of publication
2001
Pages
201 - 229
Database
ISI
SICI code
1076-8971(200103)7:1<201:WJB-AI>2.0.ZU;2-W
Abstract
Racial prejudice in the courtroom is examined through a historical sketch o f racism in the legal system, a review of psychological research on White j uror bias, and a study investigating White mock jurors' judgments of a fict ional trial summary. The central hypothesis is that salient racial issues a t trial activate the normative racial attitudes held by White jurors. In pr evious eras, these racial norms encouraged overtly anti-Black prejudice. Bu t in modem America, many Whites embrace an egalitarian value system and try to behave in an appropriately nonprejudiced manner when race is salient. T herefore, contrary to the intuition of many scholars and researchers, conte mporary White jurors are more likely to demonstrate racial bias against a B lack defendant in interracial trials without blatantly racial issues. Empir ical data suggest that this pattern of bias is not limited to one type of c rime or one type of racial issue. Practical implications and future researc h directions are considered.