Postdictors of eyewitness errors - Can false identifications be diagnosed in the cross-race situation?

Citation
Sm. Smith et al., Postdictors of eyewitness errors - Can false identifications be diagnosed in the cross-race situation?, PSYCH PUB L, 7(1), 2001, pp. 153-169
Citations number
40
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Psycology
Journal title
PSYCHOLOGY PUBLIC POLICY AND LAW
ISSN journal
1076-8971 → ACNP
Volume
7
Issue
1
Year of publication
2001
Pages
153 - 169
Database
ISI
SICI code
1076-8971(200103)7:1<153:POEE-C>2.0.ZU;2-Q
Abstract
This research examined the relative ability of 3 postdictors of eyewitness accuracy (confidence, decision time, and relative vs. absolute judgment str ategy) to postdict eyewitness accuracy in own-race versus other-race identi fications. Participants (127 Asian, 121 White) were exposed to videotaped c rimes and then asked to identify a White or Asian perpetrator from target-p resent or target-absent lineups. The postdictors correctly classified the a ccuracy of participants, who chose someone from the lineup in 67% of own-ra ce cases (p < .05). Postdictors were not effective in distinguishing the ac curacy either of other-race choosers or of own-race or other-race nonchoose rs. Implications for other-race identifications are discussed.