Race, arousal, attention, exposure, and delay - An examination of factors moderating face recognition

Citation
Oh. Maclin et al., Race, arousal, attention, exposure, and delay - An examination of factors moderating face recognition, PSYCH PUB L, 7(1), 2001, pp. 134-152
Citations number
57
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Psycology
Journal title
PSYCHOLOGY PUBLIC POLICY AND LAW
ISSN journal
1076-8971 → ACNP
Volume
7
Issue
1
Year of publication
2001
Pages
134 - 152
Database
ISI
SICI code
1076-8971(200103)7:1<134:RAAEAD>2.0.ZU;2-O
Abstract
A large percentage of people recently exonerated by DNA evidence were impri soned on the basis of faulty eyewitness identification. Many of these cases involved victims and suspects of different races. Two studies examined the recognition of Hispanic and Black target faces by Hispanic participants un der nonoptimal viewing conditions. When viewing time decreased, recognition performance for same- and other-race faces systematically shifted downward . Recognition accuracy for faces of both races decreased under conditions o f high negative arousal and attention load; however. recognition of same-ra ce faces was differentially affected by attention distractors. Face recogni tion accuracy was not affected by a delay between initial presentation of t he faces and the face recognition test. An understanding of how recognition of other-race persons differs from that of same-race persons can assist by reducing misidentifications and ensuring that the perpetrator rather than an innocent person is imprisoned.