A field study of own-race bias in South Africa and England

Citation
Db. Wright et al., A field study of own-race bias in South Africa and England, PSYCH PUB L, 7(1), 2001, pp. 119-133
Citations number
42
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Psycology
Journal title
PSYCHOLOGY PUBLIC POLICY AND LAW
ISSN journal
1076-8971 → ACNP
Volume
7
Issue
1
Year of publication
2001
Pages
119 - 133
Database
ISI
SICI code
1076-8971(200103)7:1<119:AFSOOB>2.0.ZU;2-8
Abstract
In shopping centers in South Africa and England, Black and White people wer e approached by either a Black or a White confederate. Later they were aske d to identify the confederate from both a sequential lineup, where photogra phs are seen one at a time, and a forced-choice recognition test, where pho tographs are seen simultaneously. In both countries and with both identific ation tasks the confederates were better recognized by people of their own race. By observing this own-race bias in two countries with different demog raphics, using methods similar to those used in some criminal investigation s of eyewitness memory, the authors demonstrated the robust nature of the o wn-race bias. In addition, witness confidence and accuracy were found to be correlated but only when the participant was the same race as the confeder ate. Implications for legal procedure are discussed.