Racial categorization of faces - The ambiguous race face effect

Citation
Oh. Maclin et Rs. Malpass, Racial categorization of faces - The ambiguous race face effect, PSYCH PUB L, 7(1), 2001, pp. 98-118
Citations number
66
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Psycology
Journal title
PSYCHOLOGY PUBLIC POLICY AND LAW
ISSN journal
1076-8971 → ACNP
Volume
7
Issue
1
Year of publication
2001
Pages
98 - 118
Database
ISI
SICI code
1076-8971(200103)7:1<98:RCOF-T>2.0.ZU;2-M
Abstract
Accusations of discriminatory treatment of minority persons in the criminal justice system create a need for policy and procedure development to creat e real and perceived equal treatment. A facial recognition deficit among la w enforcement officers and witnesses for persons of another "race" contribu tes to unequal treatment of minority group members. This article demonstrat es the other-race effect in an unusual context, reveals theoretical weaknes ses, reveals the role of categorical processes in the phenomenon, and discu sses policy implications. Experiment 1, based on feature and trait ratings, demonstrates that identical and racially ambiguous faces with different ra cial markers (hair) are perceived according to the marker. Experiment 2 dem onstrates an other-race recognition effect using these faces. A feature act ing as a racial marker can cause a face to be perceived and remembered diff erently. Other-race faces are perceived categorically, which drives the rec ognition process.