Recognizing faces of other ethnic groups - An integration of theories

Authors
Citation
Sl. Sporer, Recognizing faces of other ethnic groups - An integration of theories, PSYCH PUB L, 7(1), 2001, pp. 36-97
Citations number
187
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Review
Categorie Soggetti
Psycology
Journal title
PSYCHOLOGY PUBLIC POLICY AND LAW
ISSN journal
1076-8971 → ACNP
Volume
7
Issue
1
Year of publication
2001
Pages
36 - 97
Database
ISI
SICI code
1076-8971(200103)7:1<36:RFOOEG>2.0.ZU;2-U
Abstract
Studies of the recognition of faces of an ethnic group different from one's own reveal a robust recognition deficit for faces of the respective out-gr oup (cross-race effect or own-race bias) and a tendency to respond less cau tiously with respect to out-group faces. Cross-national comparisons reveal that the cross-race effect appears to be larger among low-contact groups. A lthough exemplar-based models postulating a multidimensional face space are currently in vogue, some of the more traditional accounts (e.g., the conta ct hypothesis) should not be dismissed prematurely. An extended exemplar-ba sed model that relates the out-group recognition deficit to the out-group h omogeneity effect in social perception and judgment appears promising. An i n-group/out-group model (IOM) of face processing is proposed that includes aspects of previous theories and derives new predictions (e.g., a cross-sex or cross-age effect). The IOM attempts to account for the out-group recogn ition deficit and the more lax response criterion with respect to out-group faces.