Thirty years of investigating the own-race bias in memory for faces - A meta-analytic review

Citation
Ca. Meissner et Jc. Brigham, Thirty years of investigating the own-race bias in memory for faces - A meta-analytic review, PSYCH PUB L, 7(1), 2001, pp. 3-35
Citations number
152
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Review
Categorie Soggetti
Psycology
Journal title
PSYCHOLOGY PUBLIC POLICY AND LAW
ISSN journal
1076-8971 → ACNP
Volume
7
Issue
1
Year of publication
2001
Pages
3 - 35
Database
ISI
SICI code
1076-8971(200103)7:1<3:TYOITO>2.0.ZU;2-V
Abstract
The current article reviews the own-race bias (ORB) phenomenon in memory fo r human faces, the finding that own-race faces are better remembered when c ompared with memory for faces of another, less familiar race. Data were ana lyzed from 39 research articles, involving 91 independent samples and nearl y 5,000 participants. Measures of hit and false alarm rates, and aggregate measures of discrimination accuracy and response criterion were examined, i ncluding an analysis of 8 study moderators. Several theoretical relationshi ps were also assessed (i.e., the influence of racial attitudes and interrac ial contact). Overall, results indicated a "mirror effect" pattern in which own-race faces yielded a higher proportion of hits and a lower proportion of false alarms compared with other-race faces. Consistent with this effect , a significant ORB was also found in aggregate measures of discrimination accuracy and response criterion. The influence of perceptual learning and d ifferentiation processes in the ORB are discussed, in addition to the pract ical implications of this phenomenon.