Juvenile waiver to adult criminal courts - Prototypes for dangerousness, sophistication-maturity, and amenability to treatment

Citation
Rt. Salekin et al., Juvenile waiver to adult criminal courts - Prototypes for dangerousness, sophistication-maturity, and amenability to treatment, PSYCH PUB L, 7(2), 2001, pp. 381-408
Citations number
94
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Psycology
Journal title
PSYCHOLOGY PUBLIC POLICY AND LAW
ISSN journal
1076-8971 → ACNP
Volume
7
Issue
2
Year of publication
2001
Pages
381 - 408
Database
ISI
SICI code
1076-8971(200106)7:2<381:JWTACC>2.0.ZU;2-G
Abstract
Psychological assessment of juveniles for waiver to adult criminal courts r equires systematic evaluation of dangerousness, sophistication-maturity, an d amenability to treatment. Despite their importance to the evaluation of j uveniles, little is known about the criteria that constitute these 3 constr ucts. This study clarifies the constructs of dangerousness, sophistication- maturity, and amenability to treatment that typically guide juvenile transf ers. Psychologists (n = 244) from the Clinical Child Psychology Division of the American Psychological Association rated the prototypicality of each c onstruct. Factor analyses of the domains for each of the 3 constructs are r eviewed. In addition, forensic diplomates from the American Board of Profes sional Psychology (n = 75) provided prototypical ratings of juveniles whom they evaluated and who were subsequently transferred to adult court. Result s indicate that these youth were judged as dangerous, criminally sophistica ted, and difficult to treat. The interpretation of the results may facilita te evaluations by clinical child and forensic psychologists on juvenile wai vers and help to shape policy on this issue.