Commonsense notions of unfairness in Japan and the United States

Citation
Nj. Finkel et al., Commonsense notions of unfairness in Japan and the United States, PSYCH PUB L, 7(2), 2001, pp. 345-380
Citations number
119
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Review
Categorie Soggetti
Psycology
Journal title
PSYCHOLOGY PUBLIC POLICY AND LAW
ISSN journal
1076-8971 → ACNP
Volume
7
Issue
2
Year of publication
2001
Pages
345 - 380
Database
ISI
SICI code
1076-8971(200106)7:2<345:CNOUIJ>2.0.ZU;2-D
Abstract
The concept of fairness has been centrally situated within justice and lega l discourses, yet some have suggested that a deeper understanding is possib le by looking at the "injustice" end because those instantiations tend to b e clear, concise, hot, passionate, insistent, and have primacy. In this cro ss-cultural work, the authors apply this suggestion by deconstructing, inst antiations of unfairness from American and Japanese samples of students and their parents. Although all major types of unfairness were invoked in both countries, significant differences emerged in the frequency distribution p atterns and quantitative severity ratings of unfairness by culture; to a le sser extent, by generation within culture; and to a still lesser extent, by gender. Why discriminatory treatment instantiations were significantly mor e salient for Japanese than American respondents (and why the reverse was s o for misfortune instantiations) is discussed, along with foundational link s of unfairness notions to communal relationships and society.