Assessing the validity of amnesia in dissociative identity disorder - A dilemma for the DSM and the courts

Citation
Jjb. Allen et Wg. Iacono, Assessing the validity of amnesia in dissociative identity disorder - A dilemma for the DSM and the courts, PSYCH PUB L, 7(2), 2001, pp. 311-344
Citations number
89
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Psycology
Journal title
PSYCHOLOGY PUBLIC POLICY AND LAW
ISSN journal
1076-8971 → ACNP
Volume
7
Issue
2
Year of publication
2001
Pages
311 - 344
Database
ISI
SICI code
1076-8971(200106)7:2<311:ATVOAI>2.0.ZU;2-W
Abstract
Amnesia, as a central descriptive and diagnostic feature of dissociative id entity disorder (DID), has received little empirical study. The few publish ed studies are a generally consistent in finding that direct tests of memor y (e.g., recall and recognition) produce reports of interidentity amnesia b ut less transparent indirect tests of memory tend to show evidence of memor y transfer between identities. Such findings highlight the need for more ob jective measures of memory in DID and raise questions concerning the nature of amnesia in DID. At present, empirical research fails to unequivocally s ubstantiate patients' claims of amnesia between identities, and reports of such amnesia should not be regarded as conclusive in legal proceedings. The authors propose that psychophysiological measures of memory may provide su ch an objective measure and can further illuminate the nature of the report ed memory deficits in DID.