Total knee arthroplasty in patients with ankylosing spondylitis

Citation
J. Parvizi et al., Total knee arthroplasty in patients with ankylosing spondylitis, J BONE-AM V, 83A(9), 2001, pp. 1312-1316
Citations number
19
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Ortopedics, Rehabilitation & Sport Medicine","da verificare
Journal title
JOURNAL OF BONE AND JOINT SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME
ISSN journal
0021-9355 → ACNP
Volume
83A
Issue
9
Year of publication
2001
Pages
1312 - 1316
Database
ISI
SICI code
0021-9355(200109)83A:9<1312:TKAIPW>2.0.ZU;2-C
Abstract
Background: Ankylosing spondylitis is a seronegative spondyloarthropathy th at primarily affects the sacroiliac joints, spine, hips, and, less commonly , the knee joints. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results in a consecutive group of patients with ankylosing spondylitis who underwent total knee arthroplasty. Methods: The results of thirty total knee arthroplasties in twenty patients with ankylosing spondylitis were reviewed. There were seventeen men and th ree women, with an average age of fifty-five years (range, twenty-eight to sixty-seven years) at the time of the arthroplasty. The diagnosis of ankylo sing spondylitis was established preoperatively with use of the New York cr iteria. All patients received a cemented condylar-type implant. The average duration of follow-up was 11.2 years (range, three to sixteen years). Results: The average Knee Society pain score improved from 14 points preope ratively to 76.3 points at the time of the latest follow-up. The improvemen t in the average Knee Society function score was less impressive, with an i ncrease from 16.3 points preoperatively to 58.7 points at the time of the l atest follow-up. The average arc of motion was 84.8 degrees prior to the ar throplasty and 86.7 degrees at the time of the final follow-up. Six knees ( 20%) had heterotopic bone formation. Three knees required manipulation unde r anesthesia because of poor motion postoperatively. There was one revision , due to loosening of a patellar component. All other components were radio graphically stable at the time of the latest follow-up. Conclusions: Total knee arthroplasty with cement in patients with ankylosin g spondylitis provided excellent pain relief and durable fixation at an ave rage of 11.2 years postoperatively. However, patients with ankylosing spond ylitis are at increased risk for the development of stiffness and heterotop ic bone formation.