Resurfacing of the nasopharynx after nasopharyngectomy using a free radialforearm flap

Citation
Mlc. Khoo et al., Resurfacing of the nasopharynx after nasopharyngectomy using a free radialforearm flap, HEAD NECK, 23(10), 2001, pp. 916-922
Citations number
9
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Otolaryngology
Journal title
HEAD AND NECK-JOURNAL FOR THE SCIENCES AND SPECIALTIES OF THE HEAD AND NECK
ISSN journal
1043-3074 → ACNP
Volume
23
Issue
10
Year of publication
2001
Pages
916 - 922
Database
ISI
SICI code
1043-3074(200110)23:10<916:ROTNAN>2.0.ZU;2-3
Abstract
Background, Nasopharyngectomy is emerging as an important treatment option for salvaging locally recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). After nasop haryngectomy, resurfacing the nasopharynx and covering the internal carotid artery is important to minimize the risk of infection, osteoradionecrosis, and carotid rupture. Previous authors have advocated the use of free graft s of skin and mucosa for this purpose but have also described significant r ates of partial and total graft failure. Methods. We believe that the best and most reliable way to resurface the na sopharynx is with vascularized tissue, and our preference is for the use of a free radial forearm flap. To illustrate our approach, we present two pat ients who underwent nasopharyngectomy by means of a maxillary swing approac h and who had resurfacing of the surgical defect with a free radial forearm flap. Results. Both patients had complete en bloc resection of tumor followed by the insetting of a free radial forearm flap to reline the surgical defect. Both flaps remained completely viable, and both patients achieved successfu l resurfacing of the entire nasopharynx. The morbidity of surgery was minim al, and there were no perioperative complications. On assessment 1 year lat er, the free radial forearm flap continues to reline the entire neonaso-pha rynx, and the long-term functional recovery after surgery is excellent. Conclusion. Resurfacing the nasopharynx after nasopharyngectomy with a free radial forearm flap aids healing and minimizes the risk of complications. The morbidity of surgery is minimal and the functional recovery is excellen t. (C) 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.