Anti-Pseudomonas aeruginosa antibody detection in patients with bronchiectasis without cystic fibrosis

Citation
E. Caballero et al., Anti-Pseudomonas aeruginosa antibody detection in patients with bronchiectasis without cystic fibrosis, THORAX, 56(9), 2001, pp. 669-674
Citations number
32
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Cardiovascular & Respiratory Systems","da verificare
Journal title
THORAX
ISSN journal
0040-6376 → ACNP
Volume
56
Issue
9
Year of publication
2001
Pages
669 - 674
Database
ISI
SICI code
0040-6376(200109)56:9<669:AAADIP>2.0.ZU;2-W
Abstract
Background-Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a frequent cause of infection in patie nts with bronchiectasis. Differentiation between non-infected patients and those with different degrees of P aeruginosa infection could influence the management and prognosis of these patients. The diagnostic usefulness of se rum IgG antibodies against P aeruginosa outer membrane proteins was determi ned in patients with bronchiectasis without cystic fibrosis. Methods-Fifty six patients were classified according to sputum culture into three groups: group A (n=18) with no P aeruginosa in any sample; group B ( n=18) with P aeruginosa alternating with other microorganisms; and group C (n=20) with P aeruginosa in all sputum samples. Each patient had at least t hree sputum cultures in the 6 months prior to serum collection. Detection o f antibodies was performed by Western blot and their presence against 20 pr otein bands (10-121 kd) was assessed. Results-Antibodies to more than four bands in total or to five individual b ands (36, 26, 22, 20 or 18 kd) differentiated group B from group A, while a ntibodies to a total of more than eight bands or to 10 individual bands (10 4, 69, 63, 56, 50, 44, 30, 25, 22, 13 kd) differentiated group C from group B. When discordant results between the total number of bands and the frequ ency of P aeruginosa isolation were obtained, the follow up of patients sug gested that the former, in most cases' predicted chronic P aeruginosa colon isation. Conclusion-In patients with bronchiectasis the degree of P aeruginosa infec tion can be determined by the number and type of outer membrane protein ban ds indicating which serum antibodies are present.