Polyaniline/lignin blends: thermal analysis and XPS

Citation
Pc. Rodrigues et al., Polyaniline/lignin blends: thermal analysis and XPS, EUR POLYM J, 37(11), 2001, pp. 2217-2223
Citations number
21
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Organic Chemistry/Polymer Science
Journal title
EUROPEAN POLYMER JOURNAL
ISSN journal
0014-3057 → ACNP
Volume
37
Issue
11
Year of publication
2001
Pages
2217 - 2223
Database
ISI
SICI code
0014-3057(200111)37:11<2217:PBTAAX>2.0.ZU;2-5
Abstract
Polyaniline (Pani) base and Kraft lignin (Lig) blend films have been prepar ed using the solvent evaporation method. The highest lignin concentration u sed was of 36% (m/m). The thermal behaviour of free standing Pani and of Pa ni/Lig blends was characterized using thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and DMTA techniques. The TGA results indicate that Pani/Lig blends have greater thermal stability than the pure polymers. The dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) experiments indicated that the addition of lignin in the blend occur an impairment of rotation of part of the Pani chain. The possibility of int eractions between Pani and lignin is discussed through X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and DMA measuring. These interactions can occur between Pani c hain amine nitrogen and carbonyl group present in the lignin and also betwe en imine nitrogen and hydroxyl groups of lignin. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.