Birth weight and cognitive function at age 11 years: the Scottish Mental Survey 1932

Citation
Sd. Shenkin et al., Birth weight and cognitive function at age 11 years: the Scottish Mental Survey 1932, ARCH DIS CH, 85(3), 2001, pp. 189-195
Citations number
27
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Pediatrics,"Medical Research General Topics
Journal title
ARCHIVES OF DISEASE IN CHILDHOOD
ISSN journal
0003-9888 → ACNP
Volume
85
Issue
3
Year of publication
2001
Pages
189 - 195
Database
ISI
SICI code
0003-9888(200109)85:3<189:BWACFA>2.0.ZU;2-Q
Abstract
Aims-To examine the relation between birth weight and cognitive function at age 11 years, and to examine whether this relation is independent of socia l class. Methods-Retrospective cohort study based on birth records from 1921 and cog nitive function measured while at school at age It in 1932. Subjects were 9 85 live singletons born in the Edinburgh Royal Maternity and Simpson Memori al Hospital in 1921. Moray House Test scores from the Scottish Mental Surve y 1932 were traced on 449 of these children. Results-Mean score on Moray House Test increased from 30.6 at a birth weigh t of < 2500 g to 44.7 at 4001-4500 g, after correcting for gestational age, maternal age, parity, social class, and legitimacy of birth. Multiple regr ession showed that 15.6% of the variance in Moray House Test score is contr ibuted by a combination of social class (6.6%), birth weight (3.8%), child' s exact age (2.4%), maternal parity (2.0%), and illegitimacy (1.5%). Struct ural equation modelling confirmed the independent contribution from each of these variables in predicting cognitive ability. A model in which birth we ight acted as a mediator of social class had poor fit statistics. Conclusion-In this 1921 birth cohort, social class and birth weight have in dependent effects on cognitive function at age 11. Future research will rel ate these childhood data to health and cognition in old age.