Histologic atrial myolysis is associated with atrial fibrillation after cardiac operation

Citation
N. Ad et al., Histologic atrial myolysis is associated with atrial fibrillation after cardiac operation, ANN THORAC, 72(3), 2001, pp. 688-693
Citations number
16
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Cardiovascular & Respiratory Systems","Medical Research Diagnosis & Treatment
Journal title
ANNALS OF THORACIC SURGERY
ISSN journal
0003-4975 → ACNP
Volume
72
Issue
3
Year of publication
2001
Pages
688 - 693
Database
ISI
SICI code
0003-4975(200109)72:3<688:HAMIAW>2.0.ZU;2-H
Abstract
Background. Postoperative atrial fibrillation after cardiac operation is co mmon. Despite the identification of risk factors associated with postoperat ive atrial fibrillation, the pathophysiologic mechanisms remain unclear. My olysis has been recently described to be associated with maintenance of atr ial fibrillation in experimental animals. In this study, we attempted to id entify histopathologic changes in atria that might predict the development of postoperative atrial fibrillation, and specifically address its associat ion with myolysis. Methods. Right appendicular atrial tissue was sampled before and after card iopulmonary bypass from 60 patients in sinus rhythm who underwent elective coronary artery bypass grafting. Results. Fifteen patients (25%) developed postoperative atrial fibrillation . Histopathologic abnormalities were found in most patients (52 of 60). How ever, only myolysis and lipofuscin levels were found to be an independent h istologic finding associated with the development of postoperative atrial f ibrillation. Electron microscopy showed that myolytic vacuoles were not mem brane bound, and were associated with lipofuscin deposits. Neither mitochon drial pathology nor apoptosis was detected in the atria before or after ope ration. Conclusions. Abnormalities in biopsies before cardiopulmonary bypass can in dicate the susceptibility to develop postoperative atrial fibrillation. Thi s implies that the status of the atrium before cardiopulmonary bypass is a major determinant in the development of this common complication. (C) 2001 by The Society of Thoracic Surgeons.