Cell swelling and ion redistribution assessed with intrinsic optical signals

Citation
Ow. Witte et al., Cell swelling and ion redistribution assessed with intrinsic optical signals, AN AC BRASI, 73(3), 2001, pp. 337-350
Citations number
49
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Multidisciplinary
Journal title
ANAIS DA ACADEMIA BRASILEIRA DE CIENCIAS
ISSN journal
0001-3765 → ACNP
Volume
73
Issue
3
Year of publication
2001
Pages
337 - 350
Database
ISI
SICI code
0001-3765(200109)73:3<337:CSAIRA>2.0.ZU;2-O
Abstract
Cell volume changes are associated with alterations of intrinsic optical si gnals (IOS). In submerged brain slices in vitro, afferent stimulation induc es an increase in light transmission. As assessed by measurement of the lar gely membrane impermeant ion tetramethylammonium (TMA) in the extracellular space, these IOS correlate with the extent and time course of the change o f the extracellular space size. They have a high signal to noise ratio and allow measurements of IOS changes in the order of a few percent. Under cond itions of reduced net KCl uptake (low Cl solution) a directed spatial buffe r mechanism (K syphoning) can be demonstrated in the neocortex with widenin g of the extracellular space in superficial layers associated with a reduce d light transmission and an increase of extracellular K concentration. The nature of the IOS under pathophysiological conditions is less clear. Spread ing depressions first cause an increase of light transmission, then a decre ase. Such a decrease has also been observed following application of NMDA w here it was associated with structural damage. Pharmacological analyses sug gest that under physiological conditions changes of extracellular space siz e are mainly caused by astrocytic volume changes while with strong stimuli and under pathophysiological conditions also neuronal swelling occurs. With reflected light usually signals opposite to those observed with transmitte d light are seen. Recording of IOS from interface slices gives very complex signals since under these conditions an increase of light transmission has been reported to be superimposed by a decrease of the signal due to mechan ical lensing effects of the slice surface. Depending on the method of measu rement and the exact conditions, several mechanisms may contribute to IOS. Under well defined conditions IOS are a useful supplementary tool to monito r changes of extracellular volume both in space and time.