Influence of additives on corrosion resistance and corroded microstructures of MgO-C refractories

Authors
Citation
S. Zhang et We. Lee, Influence of additives on corrosion resistance and corroded microstructures of MgO-C refractories, J EUR CERAM, 21(13), 2001, pp. 2393-2405
Citations number
26
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Apllied Physucs/Condensed Matter/Materiales Science","Material Science & Engineering
Journal title
JOURNAL OF THE EUROPEAN CERAMIC SOCIETY
ISSN journal
0955-2219 → ACNP
Volume
21
Issue
13
Year of publication
2001
Pages
2393 - 2405
Database
ISI
SICI code
0955-2219(200111)21:13<2393:IOAOCR>2.0.ZU;2-#
Abstract
Corrosion resistance and corroded microstructures of MgO- C refractories co ntaining various antioxidants in a model EAF slag (CaO/SiO2 weight ratio = 1.38) were investigated after 30 h at 1650 degreesC. Antioxidants influence d their corrosion resistance by affecting both carbon (C) oxidation and MgO dissolution in the slag. Al additions improved C oxidation resistance at 1 650 degreesC only a little, but accelerated MgO dissolution, resulting in a minor effect on corrosion resistance. Additions of Si or Al + Si improved C oxidation resistance slightly but accelerated MgO dissolution more than A l additions, resulting in worse corrosion resistance than Al addition and n o addition. B4C conferred the worst corrosion resistance, since boron-conta ining liquid formed in the refractory, greatly accelerating MgO dissolution and resulting in C (mainly graphite) in the matrix being eroded easily by the slag. With double addition of Al + B4C, boron-containing liquid formed, which not only inhibited effectively C (mainly graphite) oxidation, but al so accelerated formation and growth of MgAl2O4 spinet (MA) crystals between graphite in the matrix at the test temperature. In this case, even though MgO dissolution was accelerated to some extent, graphite was not easily was hed away by the slag because it was effectively protected from oxidation an d held in place by MA crystals. This maintained the integrity of the refrac tory texture, giving the Al + B4C containing refractory the best corrosion resistance. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.