Frugivory at Junipepus communis depends more on population characteristicsthan on individual attributes

Citation
D. Garcia et al., Frugivory at Junipepus communis depends more on population characteristicsthan on individual attributes, J ECOLOGY, 89(4), 2001, pp. 639-647
Citations number
45
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Environment/Ecology
Journal title
JOURNAL OF ECOLOGY
ISSN journal
0022-0477 → ACNP
Volume
89
Issue
4
Year of publication
2001
Pages
639 - 647
Database
ISI
SICI code
0022-0477(200108)89:4<639:FAJCDM>2.0.ZU;2-F
Abstract
1 We investigated the spat io-temporal variation in the interactions betwee n the juniper Juniperus communis and its vertebrate frugivores (avian dispe rsers of Turdus spp. and predatory rodents Apodemus sylvaticus) in the Medi terranean mountains of south-east Spain. 2 Frugivore activity was evaluated at six sites and for 3 years, in relatio n to both plant reproductive traits (plant size, cone crop and cone size) a nd characteristics of the immediate environment (distance to the nearest fe male, abundance of perches, fruiting environment and habitat). 3 Plant characteristics and levels of frugivory varied strongly among the s ix populations. Cone production, cone size and frugivory also differed sign ificantly among years for the same population. Avian frugivory was only occ asionally affected by density of cones per plant, abundance of perches or a bundance of other fruiting species, or by habitat. Rodent predation was pos itively related only to the density of cones per plant and then only in two sites. 4 Levels of both avian frugivory and rodent predation significantly increas ed in populations with higher cone production. 5 Both groups of vertebrate frugivores responded to the spatio-temporal var iation in cone abundance at a regional scale, discriminating more between j uniper populations than between individual plants within a population. The outcome of interactions with frugivores at the individual plant level thus proved more dependent on the whole-population characteristics than on indiv idual attributes.