Absence of Z-chromosome inactivation for five genes in male chickens

Citation
Y. Kuroda et al., Absence of Z-chromosome inactivation for five genes in male chickens, CHROMOS RES, 9(6), 2001, pp. 457-468
Citations number
34
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Molecular Biology & Genetics
Journal title
CHROMOSOME RESEARCH
ISSN journal
0967-3849 → ACNP
Volume
9
Issue
6
Year of publication
2001
Pages
457 - 468
Database
ISI
SICI code
0967-3849(200108)9:6<457:AOZIFF>2.0.ZU;2-L
Abstract
In order to examine if Z-chromosome inactivation, which is analogous to X-c hromosome inactivation in mammals, takes place in male birds having ZZ sex chromosomes, five Z-linked genes of chickens which are expressed in both se xes in certain tissues were selected: i.e. genes for growth hormone recepto r, nicotinic acetylcholine receptor beta3, aldolase B, beta1,4-galactosyltr ansferase I, and iron-responsive element-binding protein (also known as cyt osolic aconitase). Antisense or sense riboprobe was prepared from an intron ic sequence of each gene and subjected to fluorescence in situ hybridizatio n to nascent transcripts of each gene in a nucleus. Each antisense riboprob e hyridized to two spots of nascent RNA which corresponded to its gene loci on the two Z chromosomes in a majority of nuclei in a tissue of the male. The efficiency of detection of two spots per nucleus was comparable to that for the glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase gene, an autosomal housek eeping gene. These results suggest strongly that Z-chromosome inactivation, i.e. virtual silence of transcription at one of the alleles, does not take place for these five Z-linked genes in male chickens.