The Royal Free Interview for Spiritual and Religious Beliefs: development and validation of a self-report version

Citation
M. King et al., The Royal Free Interview for Spiritual and Religious Beliefs: development and validation of a self-report version, PSYCHOL MED, 31(6), 2001, pp. 1015-1023
Citations number
14
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Psychiatry,"Clinical Psycology & Psychiatry","Neurosciences & Behavoir
Journal title
PSYCHOLOGICAL MEDICINE
ISSN journal
0033-2917 → ACNP
Volume
31
Issue
6
Year of publication
2001
Pages
1015 - 1023
Database
ISI
SICI code
0033-2917(200108)31:6<1015:TRFIFS>2.0.ZU;2-5
Abstract
Background. Spiritual beliefs are rarely considered in psychological or med ical publications. We recently published the psychometric properties of an interview designed to measure religious and spiritual belief. In this study , we aimed to develop this instrument further as a self-report questionnair e and to make it more comprehensive by including measurement of spiritual e xperiences in addition to faith or intellectual assent. Methods. Based on extensive discussion with colleagues, advice from users o f the interview and comments from respondents, a self-report format was des igned. We then evaluated the final format of the questionnaire in terms of (1) patterns of response and demographic predictors of beliefs; (2) test-re test reliability and internal consistency; (3) criterion and internal valid ity; and (4) the nature of spiritual experiences and their relationship to beliefs and strength of beliefs. Results. Two hundred and ninety-seven people took part in the validity and reliability tests of the questionnaire. Criterion validity, predictive vali dity, internal consistency and test-retest reliability were acceptably high . The instrument consistently differentiated between people with high and l ow spiritual beliefs. Conclusions. This instrument is brief and simple to complete. We would reco mmend that measures of religious and/or spiritual belief like this be more widely applied in health services research as they evaluate aspects of peop le's lives that go somewhat further than health status or quality of life.