Electrical properties of iodanil (C6I4O2) have been studied at low temperat
ures and at very high pressures. An insulator-to-metal transition in this c
ompound is found at about 30 GPa. Further. iodanil shows superconductivity
at about 2 K above 52 GPa. The magnetic field dependence of the transition
temperature was measured at low temperatures under 78 GPa. The superconduct
ivity of iodanil is suppressed by an applied magnetic field. This is the fi
rst observation of superconductivity in simple organic molecular crystals.
The electronic spectra of a thin film of iodanil were measured up to 30 GPa
at room temperature. The absorption intensity in the near infrared region
increases markedly with increasing pressure above 16 GPa. This optical beha
vior is closely related to the insulator-metal transition at about 30 GPa.
The insulator-metal transition and the superconductivity of iodanil at very
high pressures are discussed. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights re