Effects of phytic acid and xanthotoxin on growth and detoxification in caterpillars

Citation
Es. Green et al., Effects of phytic acid and xanthotoxin on growth and detoxification in caterpillars, J CHEM ECOL, 27(9), 2001, pp. 1763-1773
Citations number
29
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Environment/Ecology
Journal title
JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL ECOLOGY
ISSN journal
0098-0331 → ACNP
Volume
27
Issue
9
Year of publication
2001
Pages
1763 - 1773
Database
ISI
SICI code
0098-0331(200109)27:9<1763:EOPAAX>2.0.ZU;2-#
Abstract
Phytic acid is abundant in the fruits and seeds of many plants and is found in foliage to a lesser extent. Among its several properties, phytic acid i s a potent chelator of essential minerals and proteins thus, the possibilit y exists that heme-based enzymes such as cytochrome P450 monooxygenases in herbivores are detrimentally affected by phytic acid via chelation of dieta ry iron. Mortality. growth performance, and P450-mediated metabolism of xan thotoxin, a plant allelochemical, were examined in the presence of phytic a cid in three lepidopteran species: a polyphagous seed-feeding species (Heli othis virescens), a polyphagous foliage-feeding species (Trichoplusia ni), and a species oligophagous on immature reproductive structures of two gener a of Apiaceae (Depressaria pastinacella). While first instar H. virescens e xperienced no increase in mortality after 120 hours on a diet containing 1% phytic acid compared to a control diet, both T. ni and D. pastinacella exp erienced virtually complete mortality over the same time period. Ultimate i nstars of all three species experienced reductions in relative growth rates (RGR) and relative consumption rates (RCR) in the presence of phytic acid. although the only species to experience reduced digestive efficiency (ECI) was H. virescens. Cytochrome P450-mediated metabolism of xanthotoxin was r educed 60% in the presence of phytic acid in D, pastinacella, although meta bolism remained unaffected in the two noctuids. These studies suggest a def ensive function of phytic acid in addition to its primary functions of phos phorus storage. energy storage, and cell wall precursor source.