A novel, recombinant triple antigen hepatitis B vaccine (Hepacare((R)))

Citation
M. Page et al., A novel, recombinant triple antigen hepatitis B vaccine (Hepacare((R))), INTERVIROLO, 44(2-3), 2001, pp. 88-97
Citations number
71
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Microbiology
Journal title
INTERVIROLOGY
ISSN journal
0300-5526 → ACNP
Volume
44
Issue
2-3
Year of publication
2001
Pages
88 - 97
Database
ISI
SICI code
0300-5526(200103/06)44:2-3<88:ANRTAH>2.0.ZU;2-K
Abstract
Infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV) continues to be a major problem in t he human population. There remains a specific requirement for HBV vaccines capable of circumventing the non-responder/inadequate responder status of s ome vaccinees. Hepacare has been primarily developed to (1) improve anti-SH Bs antibody titres in low responders, to conventional SHBsAg vaccinees, (2) overcome difficulties of non-compliance seen with existing SHBsAg vaccine regimens. Hepacare is a novel recombinant particle produced in eukaryotic c ells, consisting of pre-S1, pre-S2 and S proteins of HBV and is adjuvanted with alhydrogel. It has been demonstrated to be highly immunogenic for both B and T cells in mice, chimpanzees and humans and induces higher anti-S 'a ' determinant antibody titres than SHBsAg vaccines in mice and humans. Hepa care has proven to be at least as efficacious as current SHBsAg vaccines in chimpanzees. Clinical trials in both Europe and the USA have clearly demon strated its superior ability to induce anti-SHBs antibody seroconversion in low-responder groups, compared with SHBsAg vaccines. Copyright (C) 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel.