The results of an international project aimed at the development of the Eur
opean Soil Geographic Database for the territories of Russia, Belarus, Mold
ova, and Ukraine are discussed. For the first time, unified European standa
rds for soil description and classification have been applied for a vast te
rritory from the western boundary of the former Soviet Union to the Far Eas
t region of Russia, and a corresponding soil database has been developed. T
his database makes it possible to perform a simultaneous analysis of land r
esources and develop land-use policy, agricultural monitoring, and the asse
ssment of environmental quality on a common basis. The geographic part of t
he database includes a soil map encompassing more than 40000 soil polygons.
The attribute database includes a comprehensive analytical characterizatio
n of more than 400 soil reference profiles. Special attention is paid to th
e correlation between national soil classifications, mapping units used in
the unified European Soil Geographic Database, and a system of soil units a
ccepted in the World Reference Base for Soil Resources.